Court Martial Appeals

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What happens after the court-martial is over?

At the conclusion of the court-martial, the government is responsible for compiling a verbatim transcript (in most cases) of the testimony of the court-martial, and all of the “allied papers” which includes the police reports, Article 32 report, motions filed at trial, etc. This is called the Record of Trial (ROT.)

Once the record of the trial, or transcript, is completed, it is “served” on the defense counsel and the accused. The accused then has ten days to ask the convening authority for clemency. This ten day period can be extended for twenty additional days. The submission to the convening authority is an important step in the court-martial process. Great care should be taken in the preparation of the clemency petition. An attorney with experience in courts-martial and courts-martial appeals can assist in the preparation of the clemency petition. Unfortunately, due to recent action by Congress, the power of the convening authority to provide meaningful relief at clemency has been greatly curtailed.  Even though the convening authority has not taken final action on the sentence, any sentence of confinement begins immediately after the trial is over, unless deferred by the convening authority.

Once the convening authority takes final action, if the approved sentence includes confinement for more than one year, a punitive discharge or death, the case is automatically referred to the Court of Criminal Appeals of that particular service.  This may be the Army, Navy-Marine Corps, Air Force or Coast Guard Court of Criminal Appeals. This court consists of panels of three military appellate judges, whose sole job is to review courts-martial appeals from their service. At this stage, the service member is provided with a military attorney from the Defense Appellate Division of his or her service. In addition, the service member can retain a civilian attorney to represent him before the Court of Criminal Appeals.

This is the start of the appeals process, and is the most important step in getting relief on appeal.  Your attorney will prepare an appellate brief for submission to the court, which will outline errors made at trial, and matters that your attorney believes may have lead to an unfair trial.  This requires a thorough review of the ROT, research of applicable case law, and potentially interviews with witnesses.  It requires close coordination between the attorney and the client.

After the brief is submitted to the Court of Criminal Appeals, the government’s lawyers will then file a response. Then, your attorney can either file a “reply brief” request “oral argument” or rest on the brief that was filed.  These are all extremely important decisions, and require the services of an experienced court-martial appeals lawyer.

If the sentence does not meet the above requirements, an appeal is then processed by the office of the Judge Advocate General for your service.

If you have been convicted of a crime and want to seek an appeal,
contact our firm today for a free consultation.

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  • Disclaimer: The information you obtain at this site is not, nor is it intended to be, legal advice. You should consult an attorney for advice regarding your individual situation. We invite you to contact us and welcome your calls, letters and electronic mail. Contacting us does not create an attorney-client relationship. Please do not send any confidential information to us until such time as an attorney-client relationship has been established.

Obtained set aside of conviction of child sexual abuse for USAF E-7

December 31, 2011

Obtained set aside of conviction of child sexual abuse for USAF E-7. Service member convicted of sexually abusing his daughter. Conviction affirmed by Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals. Mr. Cassara succeeded in getting that decision set aside. Decision allows service member to again appeal his conviction and to seek a new trial. United States […]

Obtained reversal of all charges for Army Specialist convicted of child molestation and sentenced to 25 years

December 31, 2011

Mr. Cassara secured a reversal of all court-martial charges for an Army Specialist serving 25 years confinement at Fort Leavenworth. The Specialist was convicted by a Military Judge, sitting alone, at Fort Eustis, VA. After the Army Court of Criminal Appeals affirmed the conviction, Mr. Cassara petitioned the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces […]

Obtained reversal charge and disapproval of sentence for sailor convicted at court-martial of drug charges

December 31, 2011

Obtained reversal of most serious charge and disapproval of sentence for sailor convicted at court-martial of serious drug charges and sentenced to confinement, loss of pay and loss of rank. As a result the sailor is eligible for reenlistment and will obtain back pay and entitlements that were taken from him.

Obtained reversal of most serious charges for soldier convicted of child abuse

October 31, 2005

Mr. Cassara obtained reversal of most serious charges for soldier convicted of child abuse. After a rehearing, soldier received an honorable discharge. United States v. Boese (Army Court Criminal Appeals, Oct 2005) (HTM)

William E. Cassara- Military Law Attorney

Recent Accomplishments

Air Force Court Reverses Military Judge’s Dismissal of Sexual Assault Charge

By William Cassara | September 3, 2020

In January 2016, Senior Airman Harrington was at a party with several individuals. SSgt FC, LB, and TSgt KW were at the party as well. The group played several drinking games, including an “adult” version of Jenga. The game required individuals to perform tasks, such as removing articles of clothing […]

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Navy Criminal Appeals

Navy-Marine Corps Court Affirms Assault Conviction for HIV Positive Marine

By Beth Harvey | August 20, 2020

NMCCA issued an opinion in the case of US v Lewis this week. Sgt Lewis was convicted of three specifications of failure to obey a lawful order, one specification of sexual assault by causing bodily harm, one specification of indecent viewing, and one specification of assault consummated by a battery. […]

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caaf army

Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces Limits the Use of Prior Statements at Trial

By William Cassara | July 14, 2020

Military rules of evidence generally do not allow hearsay statements to be admitted at trial. Hearsay statements are statements made outside of court that are offered as proof of the substance of that statement. There are several exceptions to the hearsay rule, such as statements included in regular business records. […]

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